Issues

Volume 10, No.2, 2020

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Anna K. Voronenko

SPECIFICS AND MAIN TRENDS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF CONTAINER TRANSPORTATION THROUGH THE PORTS OF RUSSIAN FAR EAST

Abstract

The article discusses the features of container traffic through the container terminals in the Far East of Russia, analyzes the factors that influenced the dynamics and structure of container traffic.

The article describes the features of container lines operating through the ports of Vladivostok and Nakhodka and the impact of these features on the market of transport and logistics services in the region.

Keywords

Far East, Primorsky Territory, container transportation, seaports, shipping lines, seasonality.

Aleksandr R. Melnikov, Marina A. Melnikova, Elizaveta Yu. Baranova

NORTHERN SEA ROUTE: AN INTERNATIONAL TRANSIT CORRIDOR OR A ZONE FOR EXPORT OF RUSSIAN NATURAL RESOURCES?

Abstract

The article analyzes the prospects for integrating the Russian Northern Sea Route into the global transit system for the delivery of consumer goods from Asia to Europe in the context of global competition of international transport corridors and geopolitical standoff of the great world powers in the Arctic Region.

Keywords

international transport corridor; transit; container ships; ice escorting; icebreaker fleet; competition in the transportation market; geopolitical standoff; Russian territorial waters

Felix A. Shamrai

THE NORTHERN SEA TRANSIT CORRIDOR AS THE FUTURE OF RUSSIA IN GLOBAL LOGISTICS

Abstract

The Northern Sea Transit Corridor (NSTC) project was initiated in 2019 and is currently being implemented by “Rusatom-Cargo”, a subsidiary of “Rosatom” State Corporation. The project is aimed at attracting international transit sea cargo transportation along the Northern Sea Route waterways, as well as developing the appropriate infrastructure, including transport and logistics hubs and a commercial fleet. The article analyzes the prerequisites and conditions for the project to reach commercial profitability after the start of its full-scale operation in 2027. Based on complex modeling, specific options for organizing linear container transportation in the NSTC format are proposed, including the creation of a new global carrier operating nuclear-powered heavy-duty container ships.

Dmitrii S. Kopyev

SOME ASPECTS OF INCREASING THE COMPETITIVENESS OF CONTAINER SERVICE VIA THE TRANS-SIBERIAN RAILWAY

Abstract

The decrease in freight traffic has toughened the requirements for the speed and cost of delivery of goods. This led to the manifestation of the attention of transport operators to the use of the Trans-Siberian Railway for the delivery of goods from East Asia to Europe. But high rates on the sea ‘leg’ of the container delivery route reduce the attractiveness of this transport service. A well-grounded reduction in rates will attract additional freight traffic to the route.

Keywords

Trans-Siberian railway, transportation costs, container delivery time, formation of transportation rates.

Mikhail V. Kholosha, Gotov Dugerjav, Sergei M. Smirnov

MISSION OF RUSSIA IN CREATING THE NEA INTEGRATED TRANSPORT & LOGISTICS NETWORK

Abstract

The regional international organization “Greater Tumen Initiative” (GTI) is actively involved in the problem of improving the efficiency of international transport in North-East Asia. Within the GTI, the concept of international transport corridors was adopted, which gave certain results but could not fundamentally solve the existing bottlenecks in regional logistics. According to the study carried out in 2020, experts from the GTI member countries and Japan proposed to move to a new, higher degree of integration – the creation of an integrated regional transport and logistics network. The Russian Far East has a particularly high development potential in this area. The article also discusses the issues of solving transport problems in Mongolia within the framework of the proposed “network” concept and in the format of bilateral cooperation with Russia.

Keywords

Greater Tumen Initiative, transport corridors, border crossing point, logistics, Tavantolgoi, digitalization of logistics

Aleksandr V. Savelyev

RESULTS OF STUDIES OF ECOLOGICAL STATE OF WATERS AND SEA BOTTOM SOILS IN THE AMUR ESTUARY

Abstract

The article is devoted to the study of hydro-chemical characteristics and the content of pollutants in the waters of the Amur Estuary for the period from 1971 to 2008, as well as to the study of granulometric structure and quality of the bottom sediments in the estuary.

Keywords

Amur Estuary, hydrochemistry, pollutants, bottom sediments

Aleksandr A. Lentarev

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF REQUIREMENTS FOR INSTRUCTORS AND ASSESSORS INVOLVED IN SEAFARERS’ TRAINING

Abstract

This paper shows that international requirements for the qualifications and experience of persons engaged in the seafarers’ training, in the framework of the powers of the national maritime administration, are detailed either at the level of national legislation, or at the departmental (ministerial) level, or at the level of a separate training institutions. On the example of the examiner, options for the implementation of convention requirements are presented, a comparison of national requirements is made. It is shown that in some countries certain provisions of the convention requirements are not complied with, while in other countries requirements exceeding convention requirements are established.

Keywords

seafarers’ training, STCW Convention, conventional requirements, instructor, examiner, supervisor, competency, qualification, experience

Aleksei Yu. Strelkov

TEACHING MARITIME ENGLISH DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC

Abstract

COVID-19 pandemic resulted in shutdowns in education and training, disrupting the pre-scheduled classroom studies, face-to-face instruction, etc. Maritime English teachers and learners had to abruptly switch modes of teaching / learning which presented a great challenge for MET providers, cadets, University administration and IT personnel and caused psychological stresses. The paper is aimed at considering the challenges, the ways Maritime English teachers and learners responded as exemplified by the Admiral Nevelskoi Maritime State University. Experiences in online teaching / learning and estimation of these by language teachers have been covered. Successes and failures, as well as their reasons, have been considered. The assumption that it is the blended mode of teaching and learning Maritime English that will be predominant from now on has been made, thus necessitating maintenance of the acquired skills and abilities for distance learning and continuous working on these.

Keywords

Maritime education and training (MET), Maritime English, communicative approach, offline, online, blended teaching and learning

Boris I. Tkachenko

TERRITORIAL DISPUTES IN THE SOUTH CHINA SEA. SCARBOROUGH SHOAL

Abstract

The article studies Scarborough Shoal as one of the disputed areas in the South China Sea. Physical geography and historical background of Scarborough Shoal are considered. Scarborough Shoal is characterized as an object of international dispute between China, Taiwan and the Philippines. Modern positions of the PRC and the Philippines on the Scarborough Shoal jurisdiction and decision of the international tribunal in The Hague on the islands in the South China Sea are considered. The military aspect of the Scarborough Shoal is analyzed.

Keywords

South China Sea, territorial disputes, Scarborough Shoal, People’s Republic of China, the Philippines, international law.

Volume 10, No.1, 2020

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Mikhail A. Danchenkov

THE NUMBER OF RUSSIAN RESEARCH VESSELS

Abstract

This is the first article of the three on this topic. It includes the following items: a) according to the data of the Maritime register of shipping of the USSR-Russia 1932-2005, the number of scientific vessels has been determined; b) the distribution of R/V by age, agencies, displacement and sea water areas (sea basins) has been given. Special attention was paid to research vessels of the 1960s. Based on this, the author comes to the conclusion that the capabilities of Russian research fleet to conduct necessary marine researches in the interests of the country have been lost forever.

Keywords

R/V (research vessels), number of R/V, Marine Register of Shipping, the reliability of knowledge about the research vessels

Pavel B. Firsov

STUDY AND FORECASTING OF STORM SURGES ON THE COAST OF FAR EASTERN SEAS

Abstract

This paper provides a brief overview of the current state of study of non-periodic level variations in the synoptic (1 -20 days) scale of variability – storm surges on the coast of the Sea of Japan, the Sea of Okhotsk and the Bering Sea. Three research directions are being described:

– On the basis of statistical analysis of observational data, regime characteristics have been determined, and features of the development of extreme tide phenomenon (storm surges and ebb waves) on various parts of the coast have been studied;

– On the basis of physical-statistical and probability methods the influence of meteorological factors (wind, atmospheric pressure) on the changes of sea level has been evaluated, the possible ways of storm surges’ formation in different weather and geographical conditions have been studied;

– On the basis of numerical hydrodynamic models of “shallow water theory”, the evolution of sea level fluctuations in unstudied by observations coastal areas of the Far Eastern seas has been studied. Based on the calculations, diagrams of the dependence of storm surge heights on weather parameters in certain points of the coast of the Sea of Japan, Sea of Okhotsk and Bering Sea are formed.

In conclusion, it is noted that at present the problem of studying and forecasting storm surges on the coast of the Far Eastern seas is still far from perfect.The points of integrated approach to solve the problem are identified, which, with appropriate funding at both the Federal and regional levels, may be fulfilled as the requests and needs of economic organizations in the Far Eastern region are met.

Keywords

storm surges, sea level, Sea of Japan, Bering Sea, synoptic conditions, cyclones, hydro-meteorological information

Valentin V. Sergienko

NAVIGATION IN A TRAP OF SEA ACCIDENTS

Abstract

On April 6, 2020, a catastrophic accident took place in the Korean port Busan when 13900 TEU vessel “MILANO BRIDGE” (operated by ONE – Ocean Network Express, Japan) was approaching berth with the pilot abroad. The vessel’s sizes are 366.94 x 51,7 m.

How could it happen? Despite the fact that the equipment was serviceable, the weather was normal, but it happened.

To understand we can get acquainted with the report of the captain Nobuyuki YAMAOKA, Senior Vice President, on points when the important decisions in the process of vessel’s advancement were made.

As well, there is also an electronic map of the mooring area of the ship – Busan Newport, from the Ship Traffic Control Center. It shows how the ship was moving, at what speed and event points, where the pilot’s instructions for using the main engine and steering device were implemented.

Captain Nobuyuki YAMAOKA calls to the Maritime community to reduce the number of accidents to zero. Expert and author of the article presents his own commentary about how to avoid a trap of sea accidents – in other words, what to do, how to do and by what means to solve the problem.

Keywords

container vessel, berth, stern area, operator, deck, propeller, pilot

Anastasia O. Barannikova

PORTS OF LOS ANGELES AND LONG BEACH DURING PANDEMIC

Abstract

The present article considers the dynamics of activity of the main ports of the US West Coast – Port of Los Angeles and Long Beach. Due to their focus on China as a main trade partner these ports experienced disruptions caused both by pandemic and trade disputes between China and US. Despite growth demonstrated during the third quarter the uncertainty about future state of ports remains as the world is overcoming new wave of pandemic.

Keywords

Port of Los Angeles, Port of Long Beach, pandemic, trade war, China

Aleksandr N. Gavrilov, Mikhail V. Kholosha

ARCTIC TOURISM: NEW OPPORTUNITIES FOR RUSSIA

Abstract

Arctic tourism today is one of the rapidly developing areas. Many Arctic (and not only) countries offer a variety of tourist programs to visit the territories and waters of the Arctic zone. Russia is also making efforts in this field, developing a system of natural reserves and offering various tourist routes. Meanwhile, there remains a large window of opportunity for the development of this type of activities.

Each part of the Russian Arctic zone, Western and Eastern areas, has its own set of tourist routes. In addition, the paper indicates the factors of the formation of demand for Arctic tourism, presents proposals for the duration and seasonality of tours, as well as for increasing the attractiveness of cruise transportation.

Keywords

Arctic, tourism, cruise, natural reserve, route

Peter Yu.Samoylenko

PROSPECTS FOR BRANDING AND IMAGE PROMOTION OF THE FAR EASTERN GOODS AND SERVICES IN ASIA-PACIFIC BASED ON THE USE OF REGIONAL TRANSPORT AND LOGISTICS POTENTIAL

Abstract

The article considers the problems of creation (on the base of transport-logistics complex) of image promotion system for the goods produced in the Far East to the countries of Asia-Pacific. Firstly, there are analyzed the ways of image development for the Far Eastern goods and services in accordance with the so-called policy of “Eastern vector”. Secondly, there are described the prospects for image potential of new logistics ways and projects, such as the development of the Northern Sea Route, use of information possibilities for shipping companies, airports, land border crossings, transport container park of the Russian logistics operators etc.

Keywords

Vladivostok, sea ports, policy of “Eastern vector”, images, marine transport and logistics, cooperation in Asia-Pacific, marine education, Arctic projects, airports, container services, brands, territory brands, Far Eastern goods and services

Daria S. Zadoya

MARINE LITTER AND WASTE MANAGEMENT PROBLEM IN THE RUSSIAN FAR EAST

Abstract

According to ICC monitoring data, dumps are the main land-based sources of marine litter in the Russian Far East and particularly in Primorsky Territory. That is why waste management system is an important step toward the solution of sea pollution problem. The main points and first results of the waste management system reformation started in 2020 are examined in the article.

Keywords

marine litter, waste management, ICC, coastal cleanup, ecological actions

Andrei A. Panasenko, Victor S. Danilov

ESTIMATION OF EFFICIENCY OF SHIP DIESEL ENGINES UNDER VARIOUS REGULATORY PRINCIPLES

Abstract

The article focuses on the fact that the efficiency of the main ship diesel engine depends on the presence of prolonged non-stationary operating modes. Experimental data on the performance of the main power plant was modelled on the Engine Room Simulator at the Admiral Nevelskoy Maritime State University (MSUN).Transients for the engine-speed controller with various laws of regulation are shown.

Keywords

disturbing influences, non-stationary modes, transient processes, quality of regulation, automatic control system, reliability of the diesel engine.

Volume 9, No.2, 2019

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Ekaterina A. Bogatova, Elizaveta S. Sadukas, Sergei V. Pesterev

MSU(N) HAS STARTED THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE COOPERATION PROGRAM WITH THE WORLD LEADER IN SHIPPING BUSINESS

Abstract

The article considers the state and problems in the organization of the educational process and practice of MSU(N) students. The authors substantiate the possibility of cooperation with one of the leaders in global shipping business, MAERSK Co. and the project of a new vessel designed together with shipping companies to conduct onboard training for cadets of Russian and foreign maritime universities.

Keywords

onboard training, business cooperation, new ship, university rating, quality of cadets training.

Mikhail A. Danchenkov

MAXIMUM DEPTHS OF THE SEA OF JAPAN

Abstract

The reliability of the main parameters of the Sea of Japan was studied. Based on a review of publications and information from the Global Bathymetric Database a conclusion for the need of special ship sounding surveys in several areas of the deep basin was drawn on.

All original values of the maximum depths of the sea are summarized in the table.

Keywords

oceanography of the Sea of Japan; maximum depth of the Sea of Japan; the reliability of knowledge of the sea; the requirement for ship depth soundings in the Sea of Japan

Peter Yu. Samoylenko

PROSPECTS FOR IMAGE POSITIONING OF THE“FREE PORT OF VLADIVOSTOK” AS TRANSPORT AND LOGISTICS CENTER IN ASIA- PACIFIC WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF MODERN RUSSIAN STRATEGY “TURN TO THE EAST”

Abstract

Article deals with the problems of creation of international transport and logistic center in Asia-Pacific, provided that such center is established on the base of Vladivostok’s city and port capacities with the plans to promote development processes in regional economy, humanitarian and international cooperation spheres. Author analyses historical features of Vladivostok as major seaport on the Russian Pacific coast and prospects for its development according to modern Russian policy, which is known under the name “Turn to the East”. Besides, in the article there are analyzed possibilities of Arctic trade routes and international cooperation in shipping transportation across them.

Keywords

Vladivostok, seaport, policy of “Eastern Vector”, image, sea transport, logistics, cooperation in Asia-Pacific, maritime education, Arctic projects

Roman V. Tarantul

TRANSPORT PROJECTS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION, REPUBLIC OF KOREA AND CHINA AS A WAY TO PROMOTE THEIR INTERESTS IN NORTH KOREA

Abstract

In the context of development and intensification of the ties with North Korea its neighbors evaluate the potential benefit of such variant if international sanctions are lifted from the DPRK. However, for the successful development of trade and economic cooperation with this country, it is necessary to create a high-quality cross-border transport infrastructure that will ensure stable inter-state trade. The article compares the key infrastructure projects proposed by Russia, China and the Republic of Korea to DPRK, and assesses the prospects for their implementation under international sanctions.

Keywords

North Korea, Russia, China, South Korea, sanctions, transport project, bridge, railway, checkpoint

Igor.P. Turishchev, Mikhail V. Gomzyakov, Oleg V. Moskalenko, Arkadiy L. Olovyannikov

SOME ASPECTS FOR PREDICTING TROUBLE-FREE OPERATION OF SHIP TECHNICAL FACILITIES

Abstract

The author considers the problems of application of information technologies for predicting operation of ship technical facilities on the base of algorithms of risk-oriented control and supervision activities. The developed software package lets to perform remote analysis of activities (without interaction with ship owner), therefore it becomes possible to reduce the supervisory burden on business and to conduct an objective assessment of enterprise’s risk status. There are presented the capabilities of the developed software package which lets to perform risk-oriented predictions and to schedule the inspections of shipping companies. An assessment of the applicability of the complex and its usefulness for supervisory activities in the field of maritime navigation safety has been made.

Keywords

software package, supervisory activities in the maritime navigation safety, risk category, risk-oriented predictions

Boris N. Vorobjev

LIMITATION OF HARMFUL EMISSIONS FROM MARINE DIESELS INTO THE ATMOSPHERE FROM JANUARY 2020

Abstract

The article presents the requirements of the international organization IMO to marine diesel engines to limit harmful emissions into the atmosphere. The necessity of transition of marine diesel engines to low-sulfur fuels from January 2020 is shown. The zones and dates of restrictions on emissions of nitrogen oxides and sulfur oxides into the atmosphere are presented. As well, there are presented ways for reducing harmful emissions into the atmosphere from vessel diesels.

Keywords

harmful emissions, marine diesels, nitrogen oxides, sulfur content in fuel, emission standards, emission restriction areas, scrubbers, low-sulfur fuel, dual-fuel diesels

Anna K. Voronenko

MAIN TRENDS OF RUSSIAN COAL LOGISTICS IN THE FAR EAST

Abstract

Article considers the current situation of the coal logistics in the Russian Far East. It describes the usage process of coal terminals and their development, reviews specific features related to the operation of environmental measures.

Keywords

сoal logistics, Russian Far East, seaports, transport tariff, coal export, coal terminal, stevedoring company, environment protection

Sergei A.Ogai, Mikhail V. Voiloshnikov

OPTIMIZATION AT THE INITIAL STAGES OF DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS OF ICE-GOING MULTI-PURPOSE VESSEL

Abstract

The paper covers optimization of design characteristics of multi-purpose (multifunctional) vessels, one of the functions of which is ice breaking capability. The model takes into account the mission of ships and economic indicators of constructing / operating costs. The objective function used to find the optimal characteristics of a multipurpose ice going vessel has been created. The effect indicator as part of the criterion for optimizing the characteristics of a multipurpose ice going vessel serves as an assessment of the vessel capacity for servicing other ships in ice conditions, as well as its own transportation or other operations in ice environment.

Keywords

multipurpose (multifunctional) vessels of ice navigation, optimality criteria, utility function, design characteristics of the vessel, the initial stage of design.

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