Articles

SPECIFICS AND MAIN TRENDS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF CONTAINER TRANSPORTATION THROUGH THE PORTS OF RUSSIAN FAR EAST

Anna K. Voronenko

The article discusses the features of container traffic through the container terminals in the Far East of Russia, analyzes the factors that influenced the dynamics and structure of container traffic.

The article describes the features of container lines operating through the ports of Vladivostok and Nakhodka and the impact of these features on the market of transport and logistics services in the region.

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NORTHERN SEA ROUTE: AN INTERNATIONAL TRANSIT CORRIDOR OR A ZONE FOR EXPORT OF RUSSIAN NATURAL RESOURCES?

Aleksandr R. Melnikov, Marina A. Melnikova, Elizaveta Yu. Baranova

The article analyzes the prospects for integrating the Russian Northern Sea Route into the global transit system for the delivery of consumer goods from Asia to Europe in the context of global competition of international transport corridors and geopolitical standoff of the great world powers in the Arctic Region.

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THE NORTHERN SEA TRANSIT CORRIDOR AS THE FUTURE OF RUSSIA IN GLOBAL LOGISTICS

Felix A. Shamrai

The Northern Sea Transit Corridor (NSTC) project was initiated in 2019 and is currently being implemented by “Rusatom-Cargo”, a subsidiary of “Rosatom” State Corporation. The project is aimed at attracting international transit sea cargo transportation along the Northern Sea Route waterways, as well as developing the appropriate infrastructure, including transport and logistics hubs and a commercial fleet. The article analyzes the prerequisites and conditions for the project to reach commercial profitability after the start of its full-scale operation in 2027. Based on complex modeling, specific options for organizing linear container transportation in the NSTC format are proposed, including the creation of a new global carrier operating nuclear-powered heavy-duty container ships.

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SOME ASPECTS OF INCREASING THE COMPETITIVENESS OF CONTAINER SERVICE VIA THE TRANS-SIBERIAN RAILWAY

Dmitrii S. Kopyev

The decrease in freight traffic has toughened the requirements for the speed and cost of delivery of goods. This led to the manifestation of the attention of transport operators to the use of the Trans-Siberian Railway for the delivery of goods from East Asia to Europe. But high rates on the sea ‘leg’ of the container delivery route reduce the attractiveness of this transport service. A well-grounded reduction in rates will attract additional freight traffic to the route.

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MISSION OF RUSSIA IN CREATING THE NEA INTEGRATED TRANSPORT & LOGISTICS NETWORK

Mikhail V. Kholosha, Gotov Dugerjav, Sergei M. Smirnov

The regional international organization “Greater Tumen Initiative” (GTI) is actively involved in the problem of improving the efficiency of international transport in North-East Asia. Within the GTI, the concept of international transport corridors was adopted, which gave certain results but could not fundamentally solve the existing bottlenecks in regional logistics. According to the study carried out in 2020, experts from the GTI member countries and Japan proposed to move to a new, higher degree of integration – the creation of an integrated regional transport and logistics network. The Russian Far East has a particularly high development potential in this area. The article also discusses the issues of solving transport problems in Mongolia within the framework of the proposed “network” concept and in the format of bilateral cooperation with Russia.

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RESULTS OF STUDIES OF ECOLOGICAL STATE OF WATERS AND SEA BOTTOM SOILS IN THE AMUR ESTUARY

Aleksandr V. Savelyev

The article is devoted to the study of hydro-chemical characteristics and the content of pollutants in the waters of the Amur Estuary for the period from 1971 to 2008, as well as to the study of granulometric structure and quality of the bottom sediments in the estuary.

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COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF REQUIREMENTS FOR INSTRUCTORS AND ASSESSORS INVOLVED IN SEAFARERS’ TRAINING

Aleksandr A. Lentarev

This paper shows that international requirements for the qualifications and experience of persons engaged in the seafarers’ training, in the framework of the powers of the national maritime administration, are detailed either at the level of national legislation, or at the departmental (ministerial) level, or at the level of a separate training institutions. On the example of the examiner, options for the implementation of convention requirements are presented, a comparison of national requirements is made. It is shown that in some countries certain provisions of the convention requirements are not complied with, while in other countries requirements exceeding convention requirements are established.

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TEACHING MARITIME ENGLISH DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC

Aleksei Yu. Strelkov

COVID-19 pandemic resulted in shutdowns in education and training, disrupting the pre-scheduled classroom studies, face-to-face instruction, etc. Maritime English teachers and learners had to abruptly switch modes of teaching / learning which presented a great challenge for MET providers, cadets, University administration and IT personnel and caused psychological stresses. The paper is aimed at considering the challenges, the ways Maritime English teachers and learners responded as exemplified by the Admiral Nevelskoi Maritime State University. Experiences in online teaching / learning and estimation of these by language teachers have been covered. Successes and failures, as well as their reasons, have been considered. The assumption that it is the blended mode of teaching and learning Maritime English that will be predominant from now on has been made, thus necessitating maintenance of the acquired skills and abilities for distance learning and continuous working on these.

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TERRITORIAL DISPUTES IN THE SOUTH CHINA SEA. SCARBOROUGH SHOAL

Boris I. Tkachenko

The article studies Scarborough Shoal as one of the disputed areas in the South China Sea. Physical geography and historical background of Scarborough Shoal are considered. Scarborough Shoal is characterized as an object of international dispute between China, Taiwan and the Philippines. Modern positions of the PRC and the Philippines on the Scarborough Shoal jurisdiction and decision of the international tribunal in The Hague on the islands in the South China Sea are considered. The military aspect of the Scarborough Shoal is analyzed.

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